EJLLS Publication

Title: Code Mixing and Code Switching in Interactional Radio Phone-In Programmes
Author(s): Goodluck Chigbo NWODE & Caroline Nonye OSUCHUKWU
Abstract: Human beings are social animals that interact with each other to express their views. There is always a quest for interaction which gives humans edge over other lower animals. Man particularly uses speech to establish and maintain social relationships with one another and conversation analysis is an approach to the study of social interaction. We interact to accomplish the business of everyday life. In the course of achieving such goal, code switching and code mixing have accompanied some interactions for different purposes. The objective of this work is to explicate the use of code mixing and code switching in interactional phone-in programs on radio. It also examines the motivation of their occurrences in radio conversations. The study is hinged on the Hoffman theory (1991). The data for this research was drawn from the recording of the radio programs of three stations. The study revealed that code switching rarely occurs in radio phone-in but the occurrence of code mixing was very high in radio phone-in programs. Furthermore, the findings of this study have demonstrated that the speech of these Igbo- English bilingual Nigerians contained varied mixings between Igbo and English. It was concluded that the main purpose of code switching and code mixing is the case of multilingual nature of the country, Nigeria.
Keywords: Interaction, code mixing, code switching, bilingual, phone-in program