EJLLS Publication

Title: A Contrastive Analysis of Tense and Aspect in English and Lokaa Language
Author(s): Onun Ewa UBI
Abstract: The focus of this paper is on the contrastive analysis of Tense and Aspect in English and Lòkáá. Lòkáá is a language spoken in the central part of Cross River state. The intention is to provide insights into the similarities and differences between the two languages. Grouped into sub-sections for ease of reference and understanding beginning with an introduction and ending with a conclusion, the target however is a contrastive analysis of the two grammatical categories; tense and aspect in English and Lòkáá. Theoretical underpinning and concepts were explained with the hope of giving insights into the subsequent analysis. English and Lòkáá are treated separately and thereafter contrastively analysed. Findings and pedagogical implications reveal that the present tense and progressive aspect do not have a clear-cut distinction, but rather they are overlaps. There is the consciousness on Lòkáá native speakers on when to use the appropriate category to express their desired effect. Again fluent Lòkáá speakers of English get caught in the web of English tense forms from which they disentangle themselves only with difficulty because of the nuances in expressions of complicated time-references rendered in English by combining auxiliaries which are not so easily translatable into Lòkáá. The paper concludes that Lòkáá learners of English as a second language may encounter difficulties in learning the target language because the two languages use different morphological devices in realizing the categories.